N Dictionary




[definite article, plural]  the.

sg: te.


naa #1

(from PPN ^na).

[demonstrative pronoun]  that, there, in sight, but on other side of listener.  In conversation, a statement recently spoken as part of the present conversation.

sa: laa#4, nei.

do: ikinaa <there, in sight, but away from speaker>.



[nf]  a fish species, ‘buma’.


nnaa (nana)

[no]  loud noise; he nnaa!, ‘do not make noise!’.

ca: hakannaa <to make noise, to be loud>.



(from PPN ^nae).

1.[vs]  to be tired, weary from work.

2.[vs]  to be lazy.

opp: malooloo.

ca: hakanaenae <to make weary, to be a pest>.



[n]  a song type that recounts the events during the Tongan invasion under Vaeoma about 8‑12 generations ago.

ge: mako.



[vs]  a feeling of emptiness in the stomach.

ca: hakanahenahe <to suck in the stomach>.



[no]  a seat carved from local materials, for one person.

cn: nohoana.



(from Eng ‘knife’).

[na]  a knife, a machete or bush knife.



[nf]  a variety of taro {haahaa} with a greenish root.

ge: haahaa#1.



[nf]  a small crayfish species.



1.[vt]  to lift up.

ps: naakina.

2.[vt]  to exaggerate; nnaki tona maki, ‘to exaggerate his/her sickness’.

do: nakinaki nniu <to exaggerate>.



[n]  the area inside the reef; the lagoon {moana} and surrounding shallow area.



(from PPN ^namu).

[nf]  generic term for mosquito.  Two varieties are distinguished: namu, a dark species; namu paala, a large white species.

do: maki namu <malaria>.



[address]  the term of address used between people who are in a respect relationship; usually used for in‑laws {hunaonaa, maa}.



[vs]  large, big.

ca: hakananiu,

pl: nniu.


nanu helo (nanu felo)

1.[nf]  yellow lip mother of pearl shell.

ge: tiha.

2.[na]  a type of dart.

sa: tikatika.


nanu maka

1.[nf]  a white lip mother of pearl shell.

ge: tiha.

2.[na] a type of dart.

sa: tikatika.


nanu takku

[nf]  black lip mother of pearl shell.

ge: tiha.



[nf]  a fish species, tarwhine.



[n]  a heap of rubbish.



[vs]  to be collected together, of any item.

tr: hakananaopo.


napa #1

1.[vs] to be embarrassed, to be ashamed.

ca: hakanapa,

ps: napaatia <to be ashamed (emphatic)>,

pl: nnapa.

2.[no]  shame, embarrassment.


napa #2

(from Eng ‘number’).

[np]  the number of the day; \s te aho nei, te napa tolu, ‘today, is the third’.



[v]  to engage in the action of sexual intercourse.

ps: napea,

rp: napenape.



[nf]  a plant species (salt bush?).  Can be used as a medicine for scabies, also for decoration.



[vs]  to shake, to vibrate, pulsate, spasm.

ps: nasuelia <to be shaken>,

rp: nasuesue,

ps: nasuelia.



(from tahi ‘one’).

[vs]  to be the same.

ca: hakanaatahi.



[nf]  fish species, coral trout.  Varieties include: n. kuaulani,

n. kkena, n. kohu, n. poo.



[vi]  to make an effort, to engage oneself in some activity; he nataataa, ‘not to care about something, not to do what one has been told to do’.



[nf]  a fruit that is eaten on Sikaiana.  Varieties include: natu ppuku, roundish variety; natu tono, elongated variety; natu kita, a small variety.



[1st person singular pronoun]  I, me.


nnau (nanau)

[vs]  to be tough to eat, of food.



[np]  the stick for the heddle string {ukaamalo} of the loom.

wh: mea tau,

syn: palonu likiliki.



[vs]  to be bent, or curved, usually from warping.

rp: navalivali.



(from PPN ^nene ‘orgasm’).

[no]  a gasp, moan, or sob, either of sorrow or pleasure: tuu tona nnee, ‘she moaned’.

do: tikinne, mannenene.


nnehu (nenehu)

[vs]  to be misty, unclear, blurred.



(from PPN ^nei).

[demonstrative pronoun, follows noun or verb phrase]  this, here, near speaker. Tama nei, ‘this person’; te talatala nei, ‘this speech’; ikinei, ‘here’; i te tulana nei, ‘at this time’; i te mokoaa nei, ‘now’.

sa: laa#4, naa#1.

do: ikinei.


nneke (neneke)

(from PPN ^neke).

1.[vi]  to move from one place to another, of people.

2.[vt]  to move some item from one place to another.

For both senses:

st: maneke,

ps: neketia.



[vi]  to sway from side to side.

ot: neva.



1.[na]  a string used for tying a basket around the back.

2.[vt]  to tie a basket around the back.


ni #1

[indefinite article] some.

sg: he#1.


ni #2

[Tense Aspect; past perfect].  was, did.  I mua maatou ni nnoho i Honiara, ‘before, we lived in Honiara’.



1.[nf]  a shell species (vase shell?).

2.[no]  an adze used for cutting out the inside of a canoe, traditionally made from the above shell.

3.[vt]  to clear land that is possessed in perpetuity by the descendants of the clearer.  (Exact rules of possession are disputed).

syn: kai taa.


nnie (ninie)

1.[nf]  a plant species, its wood is very strong.

2.[n]  a person who always tries to have his opinion prevail.  (Figurative).



(from PPN ^nifo).

[no]  tooth.


niho tui

[nf]  a species of caterpillar.


niilo (niiloa)

[exclamation]  an exclamation meaning that the speaker does not know the answer or reason for something.

sa: iloa.



1.[vi]  to move slowly, to delay.

ps: nimosia <to be delayed by someone>.

2.[vi]  to slowly circle an area.

rp: nimonimo <to *walk around without purpose>.



[vt]  to pour, to capsize.

sa: llini,

ps: niinia.

st: manini.


nniti (niniti)

1.[vs]  to be closely packed together, to be tight.

2.[vs]  to be crowded; te ata ola ni nniti i te tama, ‘the movie was crowded with people’.

ps: niitia.



(from PPN ^niu).

1.[nf]  a coconut tree.

2.[nf]  a green coconut.  The stages of growth for a coconut are: kaaile, mukamuka, mata, mata maalo, mata hili.  Upon maturity when it falls to the ground it is termed kamatuu.  Types of coconuts include: lii, a sweet coconut; kita, a small coconut; niu mmea, a reddish variety; niu uui, a green variety; niu kehu, a white variety.

sa: kamatuu, matapona, popoiniu, hakaeniu, mosana, kaleve, paakele, tulana, kauloloa, ttao#1, lito, taume, hua#2, kaka#2, motu#2, poupou, kaulama, haa#3, tupallaha, poupou.



[pln]  a clan house {hale henua} associated with the Saakava clan.


nnoo (nonoo)

[vt]  to tie a knot.

cn: onoono, tia.

rp: noonoo,

ps: nootia.


noa #1

(from PPN ^noa).

1.[vs]  to be weak or tired from work; tona huaitino ku noa i te hekau, ‘his body is weak from the work’.

cn: nnoa#1.

2.[vq]  ordinary, purposeless, aimless: hahaele noa, ‘to walk around without any destination in mind’;  talatala noa, ‘to speak without really knowing the truth about what is being said’; lono noa, ‘to hear a story but not know its truthfulness.’

3.[nq]  ordinary, common: te hale noa, ‘an ordinary house’; te tama noa, ‘an ordinary man’.


noa #2

[na]  string made from pandanus {paku, hala}.


noa #3

[nf]  a fish species.


nnoa #1 (nonoa)

[vs]  to be weak from drinking, disease or inactivity; tona huaitino ku nnoa i te unu tahi, ‘his body is weak from constant drinking’.

cn: noa #1.


nnoa #2

[nf]  a bird species.

ge: kivi.



(from PPN ^nofo).

1.[vi]  to inhabit, to stay at, to dwell, to remain; koe e noho i hea?, ‘where are you staying?’. Idiom: noho pouli, lit., ‘to live in darkness; to be a pagan, live in the traditional religious life’; noho hakalaoi, ‘to inhabit an area without quarreling with neighbors’.

ps: noholia <to be inhabited, of an area>,

pl: nnoho.

2.[vi]  to be alive; oo maatua koi nnoho?, ‘are your parents still alive?’.

3.[vi]  to sit, to be seated.

tr: hakanoho <to help someone be seated>,

pl: nnoho,

do: noho paamu <to sit without talking>.


nohonna (noholana)

[na]  a chair, a place for sitting for several people.

cn: nahoa.



(from PPN ^nofu).

1.[nf]  a fish species, stonefish.

2.[n]  a worthless man who does not work.  (Demeaning, figurative).



[nf]  a bird species.


Nono Kai

[nv]  a ceremony similar to the mautolotolo, in which the adoptive parents of a child are asked to give gifts to prove their love for the child they adopted.

sa: mautolotolo.


nnoto (nonoto)

1.[vs]  to be deep, of space.  Te kiona laa e nnoto haeko, ‘that is a very deep place’.

2.[vs]  to have a complex meaning. Te hakateletele o te mako nei e nnoto, ‘the meaning of the song is very deep’.



[np]  a small island within the reef.  (Rare).

syn: motu#1.


nnumi (nunumi)

(from PPN ^numi).

[vt]  to wrap, to parcel.

ps: nuumina.


nunu#1 (nnu)

(from PPN ^nguu).

[vi]  to make a low grunting sound.



[vt]  to grate a substance to extract juice or sap.



[vt]  to gnaw, to bite.

ps: nuutia.



[nf]  a fish species.


Go to O